Protest as become a norm in major cities and towns as the people show their displeasure with law enforcement. They feel their voices are not being heard and they need to put a spotlight on the situation before appropriate actions are taken. The local law enforcement get overwhelmed by the number of people that turn out for this events, unfortunately there are some bad eggs that spoil it for the rest. Creating a very unpleasant atmosphere. What can authorities do to reduce or eradicate any form of violence during the protests. The first step is pre planning.
Preplanning is key. If nothing has happened in your city, pre planning is the first step. We are not talking about planning for when it happens, but how not to make it happen.
Take a page from other cities experiences. What are the people protesting about?
Example. Majority of the displeasure is on police brutality against civilians and minorities. So create a training program for every officer, yes they are already trained, but retrain them using examples of what is going on in other cities. Create new or better procedures to deescalate a situation. It only takes one case to cause a ripple effect. teach the officers on how to handle things better. Appropriate disciplinary actions that are effective should be outlined and the procedure should be easy to follow. Taking too long to address a situation is what gets people angry.
Let the people know you are on there side. Organize community meetings. Let them know the new procedures of tackling this situation and steps to follow to make a complaint. Explain to them, the only time a protest is warranted is when the procedures are not followed and the people are being ignored. This few steps can go along ways instead of a power struggle.